Parkinson’s Disease Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a degenerative condition caused by the loss of dopamine, which disrupts the suppression of excitatory impulses and causes the extrapyramidal system to malfunction. It is a chronic, disabling condition that worsens over time. Falls, poor self-care, dysfunctional body systems, and depression can result from debilitation.  Although the exact cause of Parkinson’s … Read more

Encephalopathy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Encephalopathy is a general term used to describe damage or disease affecting brain function. The causes are varied and can be related to infection, liver conditions, drug toxins, and more. Some of the major types include the following: Symptoms of encephalopathy include: If not treated, encephalopathy can progress to seizures, coma, irreversible brain damage, and … Read more

Headache & Migraine Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Headaches are a common nuisance that many people experience at one time or another due to stress, poor sleep, and illness. There are over 150 different types of headaches with the most common being: tension headaches, cluster headaches, or a more debilitating migraine headache.  Headaches can be classified as either primary or secondary. Migraine, tension, … Read more

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious form of head injury that causes damage to the brain resulting from an external mechanical force. This condition can result in temporary and permanent impairment in sensory perception, cognition, mobility, or psychosocial function.  Major causes of TBI include falls, assault, motor vehicular accidents, and injuries causing a blow … Read more

Seizure Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Seizures occur when there is an uncontrolled burst of electrical activity in the brain that results in abnormalities in muscle control, sensations, and consciousness. Seizures can occur due to an array of conditions such as high fever, alcohol withdrawal, hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia, or brain tumors. These are one-time occurrences related to a specific cause. Epilepsy is diagnosed … Read more

Stroke (CVA) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A cerebrovascular accident (CVA) more commonly known as a stroke, occurs when blood flow to the brain is blocked. There are two main types of strokes: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes are caused by a blockage, usually, a clot that blocks blood flow to the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes are sudden bleeding in the brain such … Read more

Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia Nursing Diagnosis & Care plan

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a decline in mental cognition that interferes with daily life. Patients with dementia experience a loss of memory, decision-making skills, and even personality traits. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. It is important to note that dementia is not a normal or expected part of aging. … Read more