Tachycardia: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Tachycardia is the rapid pumping of the heart at a rate of more than 100 beats per minute. It is a typical response to exercise or stress. However, if the cause is unknown or left untreated, it may result in severe health conditions such as stroke, heart failure, or cardiac arrest. Types There are several … Read more

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder manifested by repeated unwanted thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions). These thoughts and behaviors interfere with the patient’s daily activities and role performance.  The cause of OCD is largely unknown. However, these risk factors may increase the development of OCD:  OCD usually begins during the … Read more

Kidney Stones: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Kidney stones or renal calculi are hard deposits formed from minerals and salts in the kidneys that cause pain and complications as they move through the urinary tract. The different types of kidney stones include: Nursing Process Treatment and management of kidney stones will depend on the type and size of the stone. Nursing care … Read more

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

End-stage renal disease (ESRD), also called end-stage kidney disease or kidney failure, is the final and permanent stage of chronic kidney disease. In this stage, kidneys can no longer function on their own and the patient must receive dialysis or kidney transplantation to survive. Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic kidney disease is divided into … Read more

End-of-Life (Hospice Care) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

End-of-life care is provided when vital organs and body systems shut down irreversibly and death becomes imminent. It starts when a patient is diagnosed with a terminal condition that requires symptom management and emotional support. Depending on the prognosis, end-of-life care may only last a few days or months to several years.  Near-death signs and … Read more

Nursing Care Plans Explained: Types, Tutorial & Examples

Nursing care plans are written tools that outline nursing diagnoses, interventions, and goals. Care plans are especially useful for student nurses as they learn to utilize the nursing process. By creating a nursing care plan based on a patient’s assessment, the nurse learns how to prioritize, plan goals and interventions, and evaluate outcomes related to … Read more

Peripheral Neuropathy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Peripheral neuropathy refers to disorders involving the peripheral nerve cells. These cells work like communication networks between the central nervous system and the rest of the body by sending signals that help control movement and sensation.  Diabetes mellitus, chronic alcoholism, autoimmune diseases, nutritional deficiencies, infections, chemotherapy drugs, malignancy, hypothyroidism, and trauma, are possible causes of … Read more

Diabetic Foot Ulcer: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

A diabetic foot ulcer is one of the most common complications diagnosed in patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Anyone with diabetes mellitus can develop a foot ulcer resulting from poor glycemic control, peripheral vascular disease, underlying neuropathy, and poor foot care. Pathophysiology The development of a diabetic foot ulcer begins with a callus from neuropathy. … Read more

Hearing Loss Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hearing loss is a common medical condition affecting people of all ages with numerous causes.  There are three types of hearing loss:  Clinical manifestations of hearing loss include the following: Hearing loss is diagnosed through a physical examination, general hearing screening test, tuning fork tests, and audiometer tests. Nursing Process Nursing care for patients with … Read more

Paraplegia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Paraplegia is a pattern of paralysis that affects the legs due to an injury or damage to the brain and spinal cord. The level and severity of the injury can be further classified into the following types of paraplegia: Complete paraplegia: This type of injury causes total loss of function of the legs with symptoms … Read more