Impaired Urinary Elimination Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Impaired urinary elimination can occur as a result of a physical abnormality, a sensory impairment, or as a secondary cause of a disorder or disease. Symptoms can vary widely from bladder distention to painful urination to a complete lack of bladder control. Treatment depends on the cause and can include noninvasive interventions such as bladder … Read more

Urinary Retention Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Urinary retention is a condition that develops when an individual is not able to empty his or her bladder of urine. It can be either an acute, a sudden change, or it can be a chronic condition in which the individual gradually over time is unable to completely empty his or her bladder. Signs and … Read more

Hyperthermia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hyperthermia is a body temperature above 104°F (40°C). Hyperthermia occurs when the body’s thermoregulatory system fails. Heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke from long periods in high temperatures are preventable. Other causes such as sepsis, the body’s inability to perspire and cool itself down such as with spinal cord injuries, or hyperthyroidism … Read more

Disturbed Body Image Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A person suffers from disturbed body image when one is confused about the mental image of their own physical self. Some signs that a patient may be experiencing this is when s/he refuses to look at or touch their body, verbally expresses negative feelings about their body, experiences a change in social involvement, expresses fear … Read more

Diarrhea Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements often characterized by loose stools and urgency. Diarrhea can be acute (lasting only a few days) or chronic (lasting for weeks). Mild cases will resolve on their own while more severe cases accompanied by an infectious process, cancer, or disease, can lead to dehydration and … Read more

Risk for Electrolyte Imbalance Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hospitalized patients are at an increased risk of electrolyte imbalance meaning simply they are more susceptible to changes in their electrolyte levels that could potentially compromise their health. Electrolytes are a vital part of normal body function. The electrolytes help maintain electrical neutrality in cells. Likewise, they help to generate and conduct action potentials in … Read more

Fluid Volume Deficit (Dehydration) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Fluid volume deficit also known as dehydration can be a common occurrence and nursing diagnosis for many patients. Dehydration is when there is a loss of too much fluid from the body. This leads to a lack of water in the body’s cells and blood vessels. It is due to more fluids being expelled from … Read more

Impaired Comfort Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Impaired comfort is a multidimensional diagnosis used to describe the physical, emotional, social, cultural, and spiritual challenges a patient encounters. Comfort levels vary between patients and age groups and are dynamic. It is recommended the nurse assess for a specific cause of impaired comfort as much as possible in order to best intervene. Pain and … Read more

Social Isolation Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Social isolation and loneliness may seem like an insignificant problem but it has the potential to be debilitating to patients and reduce their quality of life. While all patients for a multitude of reasons can be at risk for isolation, older adults have the highest risk due to their loss of spouses and friends, living … Read more

Ineffective Coping Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Ineffective coping is the inability to manage, respond to, or make decisions surrounding a stressful situation. Stressors and everyday demands such as work schedules, school deadlines, family needs, and more can compound on top of more serious stressors such as divorce or the loss of a loved one. Patients dealing with chronic, life-altering, or even … Read more

Imbalanced Nutrition Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Having a balanced nutrition is vital to an individual’s health and well-being. Imbalanced nutrition refers to either nutrition that is more than or less than the body’s requirements and metabolic needs. It can occur with any individual. Listed below is a brief list of potential causes that may result in an individual experiencing an imbalance … Read more

Anxiety Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

An anxiety disorder is considered a chronic condition in which the individual has an excessive and persistent sense of apprehension. It can often result in repeated episodes of sudden intense feelings of fear, terror, or being anxious. These episodes are then commonly referred to as panic attacks. The anxiety that causes these can become quite … Read more

Fatigue Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Fatigue is a feeling of being extremely overtired that makes it challenging for the individual to carry out their regular activity and normal daily routines. It can cause individuals to feel as if they have no energy to complete their tasks. It also makes some feel that they need to sleep much more often, but … Read more

Activity Intolerance Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The nursing diagnosis of activity intolerance is defined as a person having insufficient physiologic or psychologic energy to endure or complete their required or desired daily activities. This can include a wide spectrum of individuals from a pediatric patient to the elderly patient. Individuals that have experienced a decrease in activity in the past or … Read more

Decreased Cardiac Output Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Cardiac output is the amount of blood being pumped by the heart per minute and measured in liters/minute. It is calculated by multiplying the stroke volume, which is the amount of blood pumped out of the left ventricle during each systolic cardiac contraction, and the heart rate. Cardiac output is affected by three other factors … Read more

Ineffective Health Maintenance Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Ineffective health maintenance incorporates components of related nursing diagnoses. Specific diagnoses such as impaired communication, confusion, grieving, hopelessness, spiritual distress, and many others can correlate to ineffective health maintenance. Regardless of the reason, it prevents the patient from identifying, managing, or seeking help to maintain their health. Ineffective health maintenance can be the result of … Read more

Chronic Pain Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Pain can be considered acute or chronic. Chronic pain occurs when pain signals continue to fire in the nervous system. This is ongoing, lasting longer than the typical healing timeframe which is typically defined as pain that is present for longer than 3-6 months. Every person will experience pain differently and every individual’s tolerance for … Read more

Knowledge Deficit Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A knowledge deficit in relation to healthcare is a lack of information needed for a thorough understanding of a disease process and recommended treatments and the ability to make informed choices or carry out tasks in alignment with health maintenance. A huge barrier to understanding health-related information is low health literacy. Patients with low health … Read more

Impaired Physical Mobility Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Impaired physical mobility is a common nursing diagnosis found among most patients at one time or another. It can be a temporary, permanent or worsening problem and has the potential to create larger issues such as skin breakdown, infections, falls, and social isolation. Advancing age is the most common risk factor of impaired physical mobility … Read more

Ineffective Tissue Perfusion Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Ineffective tissue perfusion describes the lack of oxygenated blood flow to areas of the body. Proper perfusion is detrimental to the function of organs and body systems as organs and tissues that are not perfusing will die.   Understanding the causes of inadequate perfusion, assessment, monitoring, and interventions is imperative for nurses. Ineffective tissue perfusion can … Read more

Risk for Injury Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Unfortunately, injuries happen in healthcare and can take on many different forms. It is vital the nurse is aware of potential injuries, assesses for risks, implements the necessary actions to minimize risks, and knows how to care for a patient should an injury occur. An injury is considered any type of damage to one’s body. … Read more

Ineffective Breathing Pattern Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

An ineffective breathing pattern is defined as inspiration and/or expiration that does not provide adequate oxygenation. This diagnosis is related to the observed rate and depth of breathing, as well as abnormal chest expansion, and accessory muscle use that results in a breathing pattern that does not supply adequate ventilation to the body.   The ABCs; … Read more

Risk for Infection Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

This article can help you determine what to consider when planning care for a patient with risk for infection. Patients at risk for infection are those whose immune system or natural defenses are compromised. These patients have inadequate protection from pathogenic organisms, and it is important to plan nursing care and interventions to provide additional … Read more

Excess Fluid Volume Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Excess fluid volume, fluid overload, and fluid or water retention are all phrases to describe the medical term, hypervolemia. Hypervolemia is when the body has too much fluid. Fluid overload occurs when the body can’t get rid of fluid or holds onto it (retention) usually caused by excess sodium. Water follows sodium in the body, … Read more

Risk for Bleeding Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

This article can be used as a tool to create a plan of care for a patient with a risk for bleeding. Risk for bleeding is commonly defined as a risk for a decrease in blood volume to an extent that health is jeopardized. Patient outcomes can be improved using risk for bleeding assessments and … Read more

Constipation Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Constipation is the decrease in normal frequency of bowel movements. It is also typically accompanied by difficult or incomplete passage of stool and stool that is often extremely hard and dry. Constipation is very common and one of the most frequently seen gastrointestinal complaints. It can affect anyone however the following individuals are more prone … Read more

Self-Care Deficit Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Self-care deficit refers to the patient that is limited in performing activities of daily living (ADLs). This can include tasks related to feeding, bathing and hygiene practices, as well as getting dressed and completing toileting. Self-care deficits can also expand to more complex tasks such as making phone calls or managing finances, which are referred … Read more

Risk for Falls Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Falls are the most frequently reported safety incident among hospitalized patients, with 30-50% of falls resulting in injury. Not all falls are preventable, though safety measures should always be implemented to reduce the risk. In fact, falls can be reduced by 20-30% when risk factors are identified and matched with appropriate interventions.  Nurses who are … Read more

Impaired Skin Integrity Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The skin is the body’s outermost defense system that keeps pathogens from entering and causing illness. When the skin is compromised due to cuts, abrasions, ulcers, incisions, and wounds, it allows bacteria to enter causing infections. It is important that nurses understand how to assess, prevent, treat, and educate patients on impaired skin integrity.  Causes: … Read more

Impaired Gas Exchange Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Impaired gas exchange is a disruption of the oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in the lung tissues. This nursing diagnosis can be a serious health threat usually closely associated with other nursing diagnoses like ineffective breathing pattern or impaired airway clearance. Causes  Impaired gas exchange can result from any condition that compromises a patient’s airway, … Read more