Low Hemoglobin Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hemoglobin is a protein in the blood that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the tissues and organs back to the lungs. The body makes hemoglobin through iron, a natural component of red blood cells (RBC).  Normal hemoglobin levels are 14 -18 g/dL for adult males and 12 – 16 g/dL for adult … Read more


Thrombocytopenia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Thrombocytopenia is characterized by a low platelet count, measuring below 150,000/mm³ (150 – 400 x10⁹/L). A normal platelet count is 150,000 – 400,000/mm³. Platelets are blood cells that aid in coagulation efforts for normal blood clotting. Low platelet counts increase the risk of bleeding.  Thrombocytopenia occurs when the bone marrow doesn’t make enough platelets, such … Read more


Neutropenia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Neutropenia is a condition characterized by decreased levels of neutrophils. The absolute neutrophil count (ANC) is determined by multiplying the white blood cell count by the percentage of neutrophils. The normal range is between 2,500 – 6,000 cells/mL. A neutrophil count below 500 cells/mL is considered neutropenia. The clinical significance of neutrophils relates to the … Read more


Anaphylaxis: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Anaphylaxis is an acute hypersensitivity reaction with potentially life-threatening consequences. It is often a sudden, multi-system, widespread allergic reaction. Anaphylaxis frequently results in death if untreated because it quickly progresses to respiratory failure.  Anaphylactic reactions have traditionally been classified as Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated responses, whereas anaphylactoid reactions are IgE-independent responses. The clinical condition and treatment … Read more


Leukemia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Leukemia refers to a group of cancers affecting the blood and other blood-forming tissues of the lymphatic system, bone marrow, and spleen. Leukemia is the most common childhood cancer but can occur in all age groups.  Like other cancers, leukemia results from a mutation in the DNA of cells. Leukemia may occur from a combination … Read more


Sickle Cell Anemia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Sickle cell anemia affects the oxygen-carrying blood cells, known as red blood cells (RBCs). Round, healthy RBCs transport oxygen to every body part and organ system. RBCs typically have a round shape and are flexible, so they may readily pass through blood vessels. In sickle cell anemia though, RBCs are rigid and sticky giving them … Read more


Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD/PAD) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), also known as peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a condition characterized by slow and progressive narrowing of the arteries of the extremities.  This condition stems from structural damage in the blood vessels often caused by atherosclerosis. Additional risk factors include: PVD can lead to gangrene and limb amputation in the affected … Read more


Blood Transfusion: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Blood primarily functions as a transporter of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products to and from different parts and organs of the body. A blood transfusion is a standard medical intervention that replaces blood lost due to the following reasons: Blood Components Blood components that a patient may receive include: Packed red blood cells (PRBCs) are … Read more


Deep Vein Thrombosis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) refers to the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a deep vein, usually in the leg (thigh or calf). Once the blood clot forms, it can partially or completely block blood flow through the vein. A clot can become life-threatening if it dislodges and travels to the heart and lungs, … Read more


Sepsis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Sepsis is when an infection, usually bacterial in nature, enters the bloodstream causing a systemic infection with an extreme immune response. Sepsis is life-threatening and requires early intervention to prevent septic shock which can lead to organ failure and death. Sepsis often develops very quickly and has a high mortality rate if not recognized and … Read more