Pulmonary Embolism Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of one or more pulmonary arteries by a blood clot. Large emboli obstruct pulmonary blood flow, causing reduced oxygenation, reduced gas exchange, decreased perfusion, pulmonary tissue hypoxia, and even death.  Most PEs occur due to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities when a thrombus breaks off and … Read more


Chest Pain (Angina) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Chest pain or angina is the discomfort a person experiences when the heart does not get enough oxygen. Chest pain is not a disease itself, but a symptom of an underlying cause. The pain felt in angina can be described as squeezing, dull, sharp, crushing, or burning. Severe chest pain may be described as extreme … Read more


Hypotension Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure. Normal blood pressure (BP) for most adults is 120/80 mm Hg. BP less than 90/60 mm Hg is considered hypotensive. Hypotension is often asymptomatic and does not always require intervention. It only becomes a concern if the pressure is not able to supply oxygen-rich blood to … Read more


Atrial Fibrillation Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common heart arrhythmias. It may be abbreviated as AFib or AF. AFib causes an irregular and often rapid heart rhythm. This can lead to abnormal blood flow and the development of clots. AFib increases the risk of events such as stroke, heart failure, and myocardial ischemia or heart … Read more


Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) refers to the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) within a deep vein, usually in the leg (thigh or calf). Once the blood clot forms, it can partially or completely block the flow of blood through that vein.  Some common causes of DVT include immobility, trauma or damage to the vein, … Read more


Hypertension Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hypertension is high blood pressure. The guidelines were updated by the American College of Cardiology in 2017, and a blood pressure of less than 120/80 mmHg is now considered normal. Anything above this is considered elevated, and stage 1 hypertension is diagnosed at 130/80 mmHg.  Hypertension is the most common preventable risk factor for cardiovascular … Read more


Heart Failure (CHF) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Heart failure (HF), sometimes referred to as Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), occurs when the heart can’t supply blood effectively to the rest of the body. The left ventricle of the heart is larger and is responsible for most of the pumping action. In left-sided HF, the left ventricle either loses its contractility so it isn’t … Read more