Peripheral Neuropathy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Peripheral neuropathy refers to disorders involving the peripheral nerve cells. These cells work like communication networks between the central nervous system and the rest of the body by sending signals that help control movement and sensation.  Diabetes mellitus, chronic alcoholism, autoimmune diseases, nutritional deficiencies, infections, chemotherapy drugs, malignancy, hypothyroidism, and trauma, are possible causes of … Read more

Paraplegia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Paraplegia is a pattern of paralysis that affects the legs due to an injury or damage to the brain and spinal cord. The level and severity of the injury can be further classified into the following types of paraplegia: Complete paraplegia: This type of injury causes total loss of function of the legs with symptoms … Read more

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a short episode of symptoms resembling a stroke. Since a TIA or “mini-stroke” only lasts a few minutes and doesn’t harm the brain permanently, it is frequently disregarded. However, this is a mistake, as a TIA may be a warning sign of a future stroke. With a TIA, blood … Read more

Vertigo (Dizziness) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Vertigo is a sensation that makes the patient feel that the surrounding environment is spinning or moving, resulting in dizziness and poor balance.  This condition is often caused by a problem with the inner ear but may also occur due to infections or tumors in the brain. Typical causes include: Clinical manifestations of vertigo are … Read more

Concussion Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A Concussion is a type of temporary traumatic brain injury that affects brain function. It is usually caused by a blow or jolt to the head or the upper body that causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth and bounce around in the skull. This irregular movement can disrupt brain function, affecting memory, … Read more

Diabetic Neuropathy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Diabetic neuropathy is a peripheral nervous system pathology caused by diabetes mellitus (DM). Its development correlates to the duration of DM and the patient’s compliance with lifestyle modifications and therapeutic modalities to control their serum glucose level. Obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, hypertension, elevated triglyceride levels, and preexisting heart disease increase the risk of developing … Read more

Cerebral Palsy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

One of the most common causes of childhood disability, cerebral palsy (CP), is a group of neurological disorders that lead to motor impairment and limited functional capabilities. Cerebral palsy is divided into several major motor syndromes that are differentiated according to the neurologic structures, pathophysiology, and etiology. Spastic Hemiplegia: Spastic Diplegia: Spastic Quadriplegia: Athetoid: Ataxic: … Read more

Meningitis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Meningitis refers to the life-threatening inflammation of the meninges–the structures found at the vertebral canal and skull enclosing the brain and spinal cord. It is most commonly caused by infectious organisms such as bacteria and viruses and less frequently caused by fungi and parasites.  Risk factors for meningitis include extremes in age, those who live … Read more

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive, degenerative disease of the central nervous system. It is characterized by disseminated demyelination of the nerve fibers of the spinal cord and brain.  The age of onset is often 20 to 40 years of age. This condition affects women more than men, and caucasian people more than any … Read more

Syncope Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Syncope is referred to as a brief lapse in consciousness causing fainting which is related to insufficient blood flow to the brain. Syncope is not usually a cause for concern but can be a warning sign for other illnesses. Common causes of syncope include the following: Syncope can be benign or a symptom of an … Read more