Spinal Cord Injury Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The spinal cord transmits nerve signals from the brain to the rest of the body. It is enclosed and safeguarded by layers of tissue known as the meninges and a column of vertebrae (spinal bones). Damage to the spinal cord is called spinal cord injury (SCI). SCI may be permanent and life-threatening. Depending on the … Read more


Rhabdomyolysis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by the breakdown of muscle fibers that releases muscle components into the blood. This condition can result from trauma, overexertion, toxic substances, ischemia, infections, prolonged bed rest, and other underlying health conditions.  Myoglobin, creatine kinase, electrolytes, and other substances are released into the blood when the muscles become damaged. In excess, these … Read more


Myasthenia Gravis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction. This condition is characterized by fluctuating weakness of skeletal muscle groups that worsens with use and improves with rest.  MG involves an autoimmune process in which antibodies attack the ACh receptors (AChR), resulting in fewer AChR at the neuromuscular junction. When this occurs, ACh … Read more


Gout Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Gout, a common and painful form of arthritis, is characterized by hyperuricemia or elevated uric acid levels and the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints. This type of arthritis is known for its painful flares that can last up to several weeks following periods without any symptoms.  This condition occurs more commonly in … Read more


Osteomyelitis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Bones may become prone to infection from trauma, surgery, ischemia, or bacteria from surrounding tissues. Osteomyelitis can result from a systemic bacterial infection that extends to the bones (sepsis or bacteremia). This form typically affects a child’s long bones, such as the femur or humerus. Adult cases of … Read more


Hip Fracture Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hip fractures refer to a fracture or break in the proximal or upper third of the femur, extending to 5 cm below the lesser trochanter. This is common in older adults and usually results from direct trauma or a fall.  Hip fractures are classified into different types: Intracapsular fractures occur within the hip joint capsule … Read more


Compartment Syndrome Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Compartment syndrome is a serious condition characterized by inflammation and increased pressure within a muscle compartment (muscles, nerves, and vessels within the fascia). While this condition occurs mostly in the lower extremities, it can develop in any muscle group.  This condition may be caused by decreased compartment size due to restrictive dressings or casts, excessive … Read more


Fracture Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Fractures are broken bones. Fractures can occur from trauma such as motor vehicle accidents, age-related conditions like osteoporosis, or from overuse such as stress fractures in athletes.  There are also different kinds of fractures. Here are some examples:  Open (compound) fracture. Bone has broken through the skin.  Closed fracture. The bone does not puncture through … Read more