Knee Replacement Surgery Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The knees are one of the most complex joints in the body. They support most of the body’s weight, making it prone to injuries and overuse.  Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that replaces parts of an injured knee joint to relieve knee discomfort and resolve issues with mobility and ambulation. Artificial plastic or metal … Read more

Rheumatoid Arthritis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes a person’s immune system to mistakenly attack its own body tissues resulting in pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints. It usually affects the hands, feet, and wrists. RA has the potential to cause systemic inflammation affecting the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood … Read more

Osteoporosis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Osteoporosis is a chronic and progressive disease of the bone characterized by deterioration of bone tissue and low bone mass, leading to increased bone brittleness and fragility. The main concern with osteoporosis is the increased risk of fractures, which can happen very easily since the bones are porous and weak. This condition affects women more … Read more

Osteoarthritis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease and the most common type of arthritis. This condition is associated with the gradual loss of cartilage between joints and the formation of osteophytes or outgrowths at the margins of the joints. This is what causes pain and can lead to joint damage. The hands, knees, hips, and … Read more

Spinal Cord Injury Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The spinal cord transmits nerve signals from the brain to the rest of the body. It is enclosed and safeguarded by layers of tissue known as the meninges and a column of vertebrae (spinal bones). Damage to the spinal cord is called spinal cord injury (SCI). SCI may be permanent and life-threatening. Depending on the … Read more

Rhabdomyolysis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by the breakdown of muscle fibers that releases muscle components into the blood. This condition can result from trauma, overexertion, toxic substances, ischemia, infections, prolonged bed rest, and other underlying health conditions.  Myoglobin, creatine kinase, electrolytes, and other substances are released into the blood when the muscles become damaged. In excess, these … Read more

Myasthenia Gravis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction. This condition is characterized by fluctuating weakness of skeletal muscle groups that worsens with use and improves with rest.  MG involves an autoimmune process in which antibodies attack the ACh receptors (AChR), resulting in fewer AChR at the neuromuscular junction. When this occurs, ACh … Read more

Gout Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Gout, a common and painful form of arthritis, is characterized by hyperuricemia or elevated uric acid levels and the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints. This type of arthritis is known for its painful flares that can last up to several weeks following periods without any symptoms.  This condition occurs more commonly in … Read more

Osteomyelitis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Bones may become prone to infection from trauma, surgery, ischemia, or bacteria from surrounding tissues. Osteomyelitis can result from a systemic bacterial infection that extends to the bones (sepsis or bacteremia). This form typically affects a child’s long bones, such as the femur or humerus. Adult cases of … Read more

Hip Fracture Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hip fractures refer to a fracture or break in the proximal or upper third of the femur, extending to 5 cm below the lesser trochanter. This is common in older adults and usually results from direct trauma or a fall.  Hip fractures are classified into different types: Signs and symptoms of hip fractures include muscle … Read more