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Maegan Wagner, BSN, RN, CCM

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD/PAD) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), also known as peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a condition characterized by slow and progressive narrowing of the arteries of the extremities.  This condition stems from structural damage in the blood vessels often caused by atherosclerosis. Additional risk factors include: Diabetes¬† Hypertension¬† Hyperlipidemia Obesity Smoking Increasing age, over 50 years old … Read more

Syncope Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Syncope is referred to as a brief lapse in consciousness causing fainting which is related to insufficient blood flow to the brain. Syncope is not usually a cause for concern but can be a warning sign for other illnesses. Common causes of syncope include the following: Cardiac Syncope – If syncope occurs frequently and suddenly … Read more

Placenta Previa Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Placenta previa is a condition in pregnancy characterized by the implantation of the placenta in the lower part of the uterus covering a part or all of the opening of the cervix. This condition can result in bleeding during pregnancy or during the delivery of the baby.  The placenta provides the growing fetus with nutrients … Read more

Hyperglycemia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hyperglycemia, a condition that is often associated with diabetes, means high blood glucose. This condition occurs when the body is not able to use insulin properly.  A blood glucose level over 125 mg/dL may be considered hyperglycemic while fasting, and over 180 mg/dL after eating.  Hyperglycemia may be caused by various conditions including type 1 … Read more

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a type of retrovirus that causes immunosuppression. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is considered late stage HIV when the body is severely damaged by HIV. There currently is no cure for HIV, but medication can help patients live a healthy life with a normal life expectancy. HIV can be transmitted through … Read more

Hyponatremia & Hypernatremia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Sodium is an electrolyte that helps maintain the volume and concentration of extracellular fluid and affects water distribution between intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid. It is vital in the generation and transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contractility, and the regulation of acid-base balance.  The ratio of sodium to water is reflected by the serum sodium … Read more

Acute Respiratory Failure Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Acute respiratory failure occurs when there is inadequate oxygenation, ventilation, or both. It can be classified as hypoxemic or hypercapnic.  Hypoxemic respiratory failure is the inadequate exchange of oxygen between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli. The partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) will be less than 60 mmHg with a normal or low partial … Read more

Hip Fracture Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hip fractures refer to a fracture or break in the proximal or upper third of the femur, extending to 5 cm below the lesser trochanter. This is common in older adults and usually results from direct trauma or a fall.  Hip fractures are classified into different types: Intracapsular fractures occur within the hip joint capsule … Read more

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a progressive form of acute respiratory failure characterized by dyspnea, decreased pulmonary compliance, and hypoxemia.  ARDS often develops after another illness or injury such as sepsis, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, pneumonia, aspiration, smoke inhalation, near drowning, and severe trauma or shock states. Despite the different causes of ARDS, the … Read more

Abdominal Pain Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Abdominal pain is discomfort felt anywhere between the chest and groin. Abdominal pain may be acute or chronic pain with varying degrees of severity and characteristics.  Cramp-like pain. This type of abdominal pain is often accompanied by gas and bloating followed by the onset of diarrhea.  Colicky Pain. This type of abdominal pain is described … Read more