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Shelly Caruso, BSN, RN

Risk for Infection Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plans

This article can help you determine what to consider when planning care for a patient who is at risk for infection. Patients at risk for infection are those whose immune system or natural defenses are compromised. These patients have inadequate protection from pathogenic organisms, and it is important to plan nursing interventions and care to … Read more

Risk for Bleeding Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plans

This article can be used to create a plan of care for a patient with a risk for bleeding. Risk for bleeding is commonly defined as a risk for a decrease in blood volume to an extent that health is jeopardized. Patient outcomes can be improved using risk for bleeding assessments and interventions to prevent … Read more

Impaired Gas Exchange Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plans

Impaired gas exchange is when there is a disruption of the oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in the lung tissues. This nursing diagnosis can be a serious health threat usually closely associated with other nursing diagnoses like ineffective breathing pattern or ineffective airway clearance. Causes (Related to) Impaired gas exchange can result from any condition … Read more

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) result from pathogens invading the urethra, bladder, and/or kidneys. While any bacteria can cause UTIs, Escherichia coli is the bacteria typically responsible. UTIs are one of the most common hospital-acquired infections. When this type of infection occurs due to urinary catheterization, it is known as a catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). … Read more

Acute Pain Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plans

Acute pain is defined as an unpleasant emotional and sensory experience. It is most often associated with damage to the body’s tissues. The onset of acute pain can be slow or sudden. The main difference between acute and chronic pain is that acute pain has an anticipated resolution lasting less than three months. Causes (Related … Read more