Bowel Perforation Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Bowel perforation, a serious medical condition requiring emergency medical care, occurs when a hole develops in the bowel wall. This can cause leakage of gastric acid or stool into the peritoneal cavity. If left untreated, it can result in internal bleeding, peritonitis, permanent damage to the intestines, sepsis, and death. This condition can be caused … Read more


Sleep Apnea Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by the repeated cessation and resumption of breathing during sleep, preventing the body from getting adequate oxygen. There are two types of sleep apnea: Clinical manifestations of sleep apnea include: The following are risk factors for sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is diagnosed through a sleep study, medical history, … Read more


Peritonitis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Peritonitis is a serious condition that results from a generalized or localized inflammatory process in the peritoneum or abdomen with a primary or secondary cause.  Primary peritonitis is characterized by blood-borne organisms entering the peritoneal cavity. Secondary peritonitis, the more common type, occurs when abdominal organs rupture or perforate (Bowel Perforation) and release their contents … Read more


Metabolic Acidosis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Metabolic acidosis occurs when there is an accumulation of acid in the body. It occurs when the body can’t excrete acid properly, too much acid is produced, acid is ingested, or too much bicarbonate is lost. The body attempts to compensate for this imbalance through the respiratory system by hyperventilation to blow off excess CO2 … Read more


Low Hemoglobin Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hemoglobin is a protein in the blood that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the tissues and organs back to the lungs. The body makes hemoglobin through iron, a natural component of red blood cells (RBC).  Normal hemoglobin levels are 14 -18 g/dL for adult males and 12 – 16 g/dL for adult … Read more


Chest Tube Insertion Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

If fluid or air accumulates in the pleural space, the negative subatmospheric pressure becomes positive, and the lungs will collapse. Chest tube insertion can help drain the pleural space, enable optimal lung expansion, and reestablish negative pressure.  A thoracostomy involves inserting a flexible tube through the chest wall and into the pleural space. Chest tubes … Read more


Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common respiratory virus that primarily affects children but can also infect adults, mimicking the common cold. Although the symptoms are mild in most cases, severe lung infections may occur, requiring hospitalization. It can take 4 to 6 days for the symptoms to appear after exposure, and the illness can … Read more


Rheumatoid Arthritis Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes a person’s immune system to mistakenly attack its own body tissues resulting in pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints. It usually affects the hands, feet, and wrists. RA has the potential to cause systemic inflammation affecting the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood … Read more


Emphysema Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Emphysema is a lung disease that gradually damages the air sacs (alveoli). Over time, the sacs weaken and rupture, resulting in a reduction of the surface area of the lungs and the amount of oxygen reaching the bloodstream, which results in dyspnea. Gradually, damage to the alveoli causes the lungs to overfill, making breathing increasingly … Read more


Concussion Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A Concussion is a type of temporary traumatic brain injury that affects brain function. It is usually caused by a blow or jolt to the head or the upper body that causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth and bounce around in the skull. This irregular movement can disrupt brain function, affecting memory, … Read more