Bradycardia: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Bradycardia is an abnormally slow heart rhythm. A normal heart rate is between 60 to 100 beats per minute. With bradycardia, the rate is less than 60 beats per minute. Bradycardia results from an abnormality in the sinus node, the heart’s natural pacemaker. A disruption in the sinus node can cause slow or missed beats. … Read more

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a short episode of symptoms resembling a stroke. Since a TIA or “mini-stroke” only lasts a few minutes and doesn’t harm the brain permanently, it is frequently disregarded. However, this is a mistake, as a TIA may be a warning sign of a future stroke. With a TIA, blood … Read more

Crohn’s Disease: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Crohn’s disease (CD) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any portion of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract but most commonly affects the small bowel. It causes thickening and scarring, leading to obstruction, fistulas, ulcerations, and abscesses. Remissions and exacerbations characterize Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease originates from an inappropriate autoimmune response in the … Read more

Tracheostomy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

A tracheostomy or tracheotomy is a surgical incision of the front of the neck into the trachea to open the airway. A tracheostomy tube is placed into the opening and connected to a mechanical ventilator or another oxygen delivery device. The term “trach” is used as an abbreviation.  If the normal breathing pathway is compromised … Read more

Ulcerative Colitis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease affecting the rectum and extending proximally toward the colon. The specific cause is unknown, but there is a genetic predisposition. There may also be a higher incidence among Jewish populations. Peak incidence often occurs between 15-30 years of age. Although food and stress do not cause UC, … Read more

Nursing Diagnosis Guide: All You Need to Know

The term “diagnosis” is defined as an agreed-upon clinical judgment. When we think of a diagnosis, it is often thought of as a medical diagnosis, such as high blood pressure. In its simplest form, a nursing diagnosis is determined by nurses based on their scope and clinical judgment to guide patient care. Nursing diagnoses encompass … Read more

Vertigo (Dizziness) Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Vertigo is a sensation that makes the patient feel that the surrounding environment is spinning or moving, resulting in dizziness and poor balance.  This condition is often caused by a problem with the inner ear but may also occur due to infections or tumors in the brain. Typical causes include: Clinical manifestations of vertigo are … Read more

Urosepsis: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

When an urinary tract infection is left untreated, it can spread systemically, leading to urosepsis, causing organ failure and death. Urosepsis is sepsis due to an infection of the urinary tract, bladder, or kidneys. Nearly a quarter of sepsis cases occur from a urogenital infection. Signs and Symptoms Symptoms of urosepsis depend on the infected … Read more

Pancreatic Cancer: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

The pancreas, a flat, pear-shaped gland that is part of the digestive system, is located behind the lower part of the stomach and surrounded by the liver, small intestines, gallbladder, and spleen. It is composed of endocrine cells that secrete hormones like insulin and exocrine cells that secrete enzymes to aid digestion. Pancreatic cancer develops … Read more