Hypoglycemia: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose. Patients who have diabetes may have episodes of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia due to the body’s inability to produce or regulate insulin. Hypoglycemia is most likely to occur in diabetic patients due to the misadministration of insulin.  Hypoglycemia can also occur in patients who are not diabetic due to causes such … Read more

Hyperlipidemia: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Hyperlipidemia is the medical term for elevated lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) in the blood. Cholesterol causes plaque formation in the arteries reducing blood flow and oxygen throughout the body. Plaque buildup and hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) can cause chest pain, heart attack, stroke, blood clots, and peripheral vascular disease. Lipid Panel A total lipid … Read more

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA): Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes that results in a very high glucose level. It typically occurs in those with type 1 diabetes but can also develop in patients with type 2 diabetes.  When the body doesn’t have enough insulin to allow glucose into the cells for energy, fats … Read more

Obesity: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Obesity is excessive body fat that presents a health risk. A body mass index (BMI) over 30 is considered obese. Obesity is a growing problem in nearly every country in the world.  Obesity has two main causes: increased intake of foods high in fat and sugar and a decrease in physical activity. As people continue … Read more

Diabetes Mellitus: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to process carbohydrates, fats, and proteins due to the ineffective use of insulin within the body. This results in high blood glucose levels in the bloodstream. Types of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 diabetes is though to be due to an autoimmune … Read more