Diverticulitis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Diverticular disease (diverticulosis and diverticulitis) is a group of conditions associated with diverticula (bulging pouches) in the colon. Diverticulosis is the presence of multiple pouches in the colon and is often asymptomatic.  Diverticulitis is when these diverticula become inflamed or infected, causing symptoms. While diverticula may occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, it is most … Read more

Nausea & Vomiting: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Nausea is an unpleasant sensation in the throat, epigastric area, or abdomen that may cause a conscious desire to vomit but doesn’t always lead to vomiting.  Nausea may occur in relation to gastrointestinal problems like infection, overeating, acid reflux, obstruction, and more. Nausea may also be related to anxiety disorders, as a side effect of … Read more

Colostomy & Ileostomy: Nursing Diagnoses & Care Plans

Colostomy and ileostomy are surgical procedures that create an opening from the intestines through the abdominal wall, known as a stoma. One difference is the part of the bowel that is used. A colostomy uses part of the colon while an ileostomy uses part of the ileum.   Both procedures can be temporary or permanent depending … Read more

Small Bowel Obstruction: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Small bowel obstruction (SBO) refers to a complete or partial blockage in the small intestine. It can be caused by scar tissue from a previous surgery, hernias, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disorders. SBO prevents contents from passing through into the large intestine. This causes waste products to build up above the portion of the obstruction. … Read more

Pancreatitis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. It occurs when enzymes in the pancreas start digesting their own tissue, known as autodigestion. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, with pancreatitis being acute or chronic. Acute pancreatitis will cause severe abdominal pain and tenderness, along with abdominal distention, nausea, vomiting, and fever. Chronic pancreatitis may also … Read more

Liver Cirrhosis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Liver cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver from liver diseases. The advancement of liver disease to cirrhosis is irreversible. The most common causes include: The liver plays vital roles in the body including metabolism, detoxification, digestion, storage of vitamins and minerals, production of clotting factors, and more.   Complications include edema and ascites, enlargement of … Read more

Appendicitis: Nursing Diagnoses, Care Plans, Assessment & Interventions

Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix, a small pouch attached to the large intestine in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. The appendix has shown to have benefits in infants but the function in adults is largely unknown. Research suggests the appendix may help regulate intestinal bacteria.   If the appendix becomes blocked it … Read more