Ineffective Tissue Perfusion Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Ineffective tissue perfusion describes the lack of oxygenated blood flow to areas of the body. Proper perfusion is detrimental to the function of organs and body systems as organs and tissues that are not perfusing will die.   Understanding the causes of inadequate perfusion, assessment, monitoring, and interventions is imperative for nurses. Ineffective tissue perfusion can … Read more

Risk for Injury Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Unfortunately, injuries happen in healthcare and can take on many different forms. It is vital the nurse is aware of potential injuries, assesses for risks, implements the necessary actions to minimize risks, and knows how to care for a patient should an injury occur. An injury is considered any type of damage to one’s body. … Read more

Ineffective Breathing Pattern Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

An ineffective breathing pattern is defined as inspiration and/or expiration that does not provide adequate oxygenation. This diagnosis is related to the observed rate and depth of breathing, as well as abnormal chest expansion, and accessory muscle use that results in a breathing pattern that does not supply adequate ventilation to the body.   The ABCs; … Read more

Risk for Infection Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

This article can help you determine what to consider when planning care for a patient with risk for infection. Patients at risk for infection are those whose immune system or natural defenses are compromised. These patients have inadequate protection from pathogenic organisms, and it is important to plan nursing care and interventions to provide additional … Read more

Excess Fluid Volume Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Excess fluid volume, fluid overload, and fluid or water retention are all phrases to describe the medical term, hypervolemia. Hypervolemia is when the body has too much fluid. Fluid overload occurs when the body can’t get rid of fluid or holds onto it (retention) usually caused by excess sodium. Water follows sodium in the body, … Read more

Risk for Bleeding Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

This article can be used as a tool to create a plan of care for a patient with a risk for bleeding. Risk for bleeding is commonly defined as a risk for a decrease in blood volume to an extent that health is jeopardized. Patient outcomes can be improved using risk for bleeding assessments and … Read more

Constipation Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Constipation is the decrease in normal frequency of bowel movements. It is also typically accompanied by difficult or incomplete passage of stool and stool that is often extremely hard and dry. Constipation is very common and one of the most frequently seen gastrointestinal complaints. It can affect anyone however the following individuals are more prone … Read more

Self-Care Deficit Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Self-care deficit refers to the patient that is limited in performing activities of daily living (ADLs). This can include tasks related to feeding, bathing and hygiene practices, as well as getting dressed and completing toileting. Self-care deficits can also expand to more complex tasks such as making phone calls or managing finances, which are referred … Read more

Risk for Falls Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Falls are the most frequently reported safety incident among hospitalized patients, with 30-50% of falls resulting in injury. Not all falls are preventable, though safety measures should always be implemented to reduce the risk. In fact, falls can be reduced by 20-30% when risk factors are identified and matched with appropriate interventions.  Nurses who are … Read more

Impaired Skin Integrity Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The skin is the body’s outermost defense system that keeps pathogens from entering and causing illness. When the skin is compromised due to cuts, abrasions, ulcers, incisions, and wounds, it allows bacteria to enter causing infections. It is important that nurses understand how to assess, prevent, treat, and educate patients on impaired skin integrity.  Causes: … Read more