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Kathleen Salvador, MSN, RN

Lisinopril Nursing Considerations & Patient Teachings

Lisinopril is used to treat high blood pressure. Decreasing high blood pressure reduces the risk of heart attacks, kidney diseases, and strokes. Lisinopril is used to treat heart failure and increases survival rates following a heart attack. Lisinopril facilitates smooth blood flow by dilating blood vessels. Generic names: Lisinopril Brand names: Apo-Lisinopril, Prinivil, Qbrelis, Zestril … Read more

Gabapentin Nursing Considerations & Patient Teachings

Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant used in the prevention of partial seizures. It is frequently used for neuropathic pain including diabetic neuropathy, radiculopathy, shingles, and trigeminal neuralgia. Generic names: Gabapentin/Gabapentin Enacarbil Brand names: Gralise, Neurontin, Horizant Pharmacologic class: 1-amino-methyl cyclohexoneacetic acid Therapeutic class: Anticonvulsant Mechanism of action: Gabapentin helps to stabilize cell membranes by changing cation … Read more

Albuterol Nursing Considerations & Patient Teachings

Albuterol (also referred to as Salbutamol) is a fast-acting bronchodilator that prevents and manages wheezing and shortness of breath brought on by breathing difficulties (such as asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). It is also used to prevent exercise-induced asthma. Albuterol relaxes the airways’ muscles, allows them to open, and facilitates breathing. Generic names: Albuterol … Read more

Atorvastatin Nursing Considerations & Patient Teachings

Atorvastatin is a statin medication. It reduces the cholesterol that may accumulate on the artery walls and obstruct blood flow to the heart, brain, and other areas of the body. Atorvastatin prevents heart diseases, stroke, and heart attacks along with proper diet and lifestyle modifications. Generic names: Atorvastatin Calcium Brand names: Lipitor Pharmacologic class: HMG-CoA … Read more

Pregnancy Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg (ovum) develops into a fetus inside a woman’s uterus. When counting from the first day of the last regular menstrual cycle, pregnancy lasts roughly 40 weeks. The body goes through amazing changes to prepare for birth by that time.  Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters: The first trimester: week … Read more

Preeclampsia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Preeclampsia is a serious complication that occurs during pregnancy and affects 5-7% of pregnancies worldwide. It is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine (proteinuria). The exact cause is unknown though research shows genetics or blood vessel abnormalities with the placenta could be a potential cause. The following risk factors increase the … Read more

Hypotension Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure. Normal blood pressure (BP) for most adults is 120/80 mm Hg. BP less than 90/60 mm Hg is considered hypotensive. Hypotension is often asymptomatic and does not always require intervention. It only becomes a concern if the pressure is not able to supply oxygen-rich blood to … Read more

Hypoglycemia Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose. Patients who have diabetes may have episodes of hypoglycemia due to the body’s inability to produce or regulate insulin. Hypoglycemia is most likely to occur in diabetic patients due to the misadministration of insulin.  Hypoglycemia can also occur in patients who are not diabetic due to causes such as excessive … Read more

Newborn Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

The first few months of life, known as the newborn phase, are vital for both the child’s physical adaptation to extrauterine life as the neonate begins to breathe, suckle, swallow, digest, and eliminate naturally. Throughout their first year, infants continue to mature quickly, learning new skills as they engage with their environment. Physical milestones include: … Read more

Community Health Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan

Overall health and well-being are greatly impacted by the communities in which patients live and work. Access to care is influenced by economic, social, and political issues. Depending on the needs of the individual and the population, it may be a major factor in determining physical, mental, and emotional health as well as morbidity and … Read more